Supervision as a method of prevention of professional burnout of the educational psychologists The features of the development of views on socio­psychological problems of people with disabilities and the basis of socio­psychological support of disabled

A. Zh. Aplashova, R. N. Demidenko, M. P. Kabakova

Abstract


The features of the development of views on socio­psychological problems of people with disabilities and the basis of socio­psychological support of disabled people with psychoneurological diseases are discussed in this article. The authors try to explain the socio­psychological phenomenon of reality. Theoretical analysis of the problem is conducted since the appearance of this phenomenon until today. In the Republic of Ka­ zakhstan there are various organizations in charge of people with psycho­neurological diseases: a psycho­neurological dispensary, rehabilitation centers, and homes for chronic mental patients, psychiatric services and hospitals. In these organizations persons with persistent and gross violations of mental health are served. Unfortunately, these facilities are not reaching all those in need of special care. There are difficulties in finding sources of Kazakh scientists on the issue of support of disabled chronic mental patients. At the mo­ ment, approaches to the study of the theoretical aspects are of a legislative nature. There is contradiction between the service problem and its theoretical justification. People suffer­ ing from psycho­neurological diseases of mild degree are “cut off” from society, because the presence of psychopathology is a contraindication for education and employment. Limitations in communication, in communion with the spiritual and cultural values, atten­ tion impairs emotional­behavioral sphere, causes stress and prolonged depression. The family members of the disabled person also undergo emotional feelings. This formulation of the problem defined our research interest. The empirical data of psychological research are in the article. People with neuropsychiatric diseases (with disability with mental illness) and registered in Department on rendering of special social services of the “Center of social service of the population” of Pavlodar took part in the research. The purpose of this research is study of features of social and psychological support of people with disabilities in the condition of home care services in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Posed hypothesis in the course of the study: “If disabled people suffering from psycho­neurological diseases, regularly have individual and group remedial classes, it would greatly improve the emo­ tional state and will accelerate the process of integration into society” was confirmed.


Keywords


psychological support; disabilities; persons with disabilities; special psychology.

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